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At Orchard Junior School our primary intent is to have an engaging and inspiring curriculum with high academic ambition for all pupils. Our mathematics curriculum is one which is accessible to all through a progressing scheme that supports and builds on previously acquired knowledge and skills. Our curriculum maximises the development of every child’s ability and academic achievement, by delivering daily lessons that are creative and engaging we ensure that they know more and remember more.

The 2014 National Curriculum for mathematics aims to ensure that all children:

  •  Become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics

  •  Are able to reason mathematically

  •  Can solve problems by applying their mathematics


At Orchard Junior School our curriculum is based on the National Curriculum and a number of other sources to support the delivery of a sequential curriculum, in which learning is built upon step by step and year on year. The materials are aspirational and ensure progression and coverage throughout all year groups. We strive to ensure that children are taught to become competent mathematicians by embedding the skills and processes necessary to enable children to use and apply their Maths learning in a variety of contexts.


At Orchard, our approach to the teaching of mathematics develops children's ability to work both independently and collaboratively as part of a team. We recognise that in order for pupils to progress to deeper and more complex problems, children need to be confident and fluent across each yearly programme of study.

Our learning sequences are designed to cover the National Curriculum statements and key concepts, through small progressive steps with a mastery approach. They aim to develop both conceptual understanding and procedural fluency. Our learning sequences include the following:

  • Flexibility in their design so longer can be spent on a particular element if required.

  • A brief, daily review of prior knowledge at the beginning of the new topic/ step  and time to introduce new subject specific vocabulary.

  • The delivery of carefully modelled teaching - with concrete resources and pictorial representations - in order to develop deep understanding in mathematics. Once secure, the children will then be confident to work in a more abstract approach with numbers and symbols. Building these steps across a lesson or sequence can help children better understand the relationship between numbers and the real world, and therefore helps secure their understanding of the mathematical concept they are learning.

  • The children actively participate through purposeful questioning, whole class discussions, talk partners and by using their own resources to demonstrate their thinking and develop their understanding.

  • Regular recording opportunities encourage children to represent and internalise their learning, Children may be encouraged to use models, drawings, symbols and concrete resources to demonstrate this.

  • Teachers check that the children are secure in their understanding, before moving on to the next step on the learning journey. Opportunities are built-in for children to think deeply and develop explicit reasoning and problem-solving skills, so that they can confidently apply their learning to new contexts.

  • Where gaps are identified targeted support will be provided to help fill those gaps rapidly.

  • Teachers use questioning to elicit feedback from all children to expose and address any misconceptions in learning. All misconceptions are addressed through supported practice, to enable all children to succeed.


Teachers use a range of tools to support children in knowing more and remembering more in maths. Regular formative and summative assessments enable teachers to pin point what needs to be delivered next.  Over the course of the year, children will revisit and recall previous learning to identify any gaps and develop efficiency, accuracy and flexibility.




The successful approach at Orchard results in a fun, engaging, high quality maths education that provides children with an understanding of the relationship between numbers and the real world. Our high quality maths curriculum, dedicated teaching team and incredibly hard working children, ensures that we are able to maintain high standards, with achievement well above the national average and a high proportion of children demonstrating greater depth across the school.

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